How are EMFs and sleep connected + Innovative ways to treat insomnia

The ultimate guide to protecting your sleep from harmful man made electromagnetic fields from cordless phones, wi-fi modems, power lines, cell phone masts. Why do EMF affect your sleep? How to reduce your exposure to EMF in the bedroom? How to shield your bedroom from EMF? What is Earthpulse and why do you need natural magnetic field supplementation? Are women or men more affected?

Insomnia skyrocketed

In recent years insomnia has taken epidemic proportions (in the US states of sleep problems reports 62% of the population[1], although we now we sleep in comfortable mattresses and protected from the weather environment.

This phenomenon is particularly worrying since people with insomnia problems have:

  • decreased immune response[2]
  • elevated levels of stress hormones[3]
  • reduced learning ability[4]
  • reduced serotonin secretion[5] (associated with depression and other psychological disorders[6]), leptin[7](hormone regulating weight), melatonin (which protects the DNA) and growth hormone (which helps to maintain muscle and bone mass) greater predisposition of cancer[8], heart attacks [9]and diabetes

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Why it is more important to sleep during the COVID epidemic

Eric J. Olson, M.D. (mayoclinic.org [11]) explains:

"Studies show that people who don't get quality sleep or enough sleep are more likely to get sick after being exposed to a virus, such as a common cold virus.

Lack of sleep can also affect how fast you recover if you do get sick.

During sleep, your immune system releases proteins called cytokines, some of which help promote sleep.

Certain cytokines need to increase when you have an infection or inflammation, or when you're under stress. Sleep deprivation may decrease production of these protective cytokines.

In addition, infection-fighting antibodies and cells are reduced during periods when you don't get enough sleep."

Research on the sleep inhibiting effects of EMF

  • Insomnia is considered likely impact of electromagnetic fields exposure from the power cables (Graham, Cook [xii]) and tv broadcasting antennas (Alpeter[12]).
  • The pulsed radiation from mobile phones and other wireless devices delay sleep and reduce the duration of the deep REM sleep (Mann [13],[14], [15] Huber [16])
  • At least 3 epidemiological studies have already linked the presence of cell phone masts with sleep problems in the neighboring population (Santini[17], Bortkiewic,[18]Abdel-Rassoul [19]
  • Sleep problems in electromagnetically polluted areas are also reported by people with electrohypersensitivity[20], condition that researchers could affect 50% of the population (Hallberg[21]).
  • “900-MHz (from cell phone masts) and 60-Hz (from power lines) EMF affect melatonin metabolism and the circadian rhythm.”(Aymen[22])
  • Researchers at Wayne State University and the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm concluded that "during laboratory exposure to 884 MHz wireless signals components of sleep believed to be important for recovery from daily wear and tear are adversely affected." and that "mobile phone use is associated with specific changes in the areas of the brain responsible for activating and coordinating the stress system."[23]
  • “Frequency of cordless phone calls, mobile phone dependency, and tablet use were related to an increase of subjective and objective sleep problems in adolescents” (Alba Cabré-Riera[24])

Females more sensitive?

  • “With regard to RF-EMF effects on human sleep it seems that gender matters since GSM900 (cell phone masts) and TETRA (police antennas) led to significantly more exposure effects in females.”(Heidi Danker-Hopfe[25])
  • Sleep disturbance, latency and day dysfunction was more in cases especially females (correlation between the hours of usage of mobile to sleep pattern and quality). A significant association of hours of usage and sleep indices were observed in both genders. Evening usage of mobile phone in cases showed a statistically significant negative association. Students using mobile for > 2 hours/day may cause sleep deprivation and day sleepiness affecting cognitive and learning abilities of medical students” (Saxena Yogesh[26]).

How can man made electromagnetic fields cause insomnia?

There are 2 main theories about the connection of EMF with insomnia:

  • EMF cause a melatonin suppression during sleep (similarly to the effect of light).
  • Man made EMFs have vastly higher frequencies (50-10000000Hz) than the earths natural electromagnetic fields which have shaped the human brainwaves (0,5-12 Hz brain waves in relaxed state) and this interferes with our ability to relax.

The melatonin theory

Several studies investigating the effect of electromagnetic fields on melatonin synthesis have shown suppression of melatonin synthesis. 

  • Researcher R J Reiter from the Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center explains in his publication “Electromagnetic fields and melatonin production”[27]:

The pineal gland, which in humans is located near the anatomical center of the brain, is normally responsive to visible electromagnetic fields (ie light) since the eyes are functionally connected to the pineal gland by a series of neurons.

Normally, the pineal gland produces low amounts of melatonin during the day and high amounts at night; this rhythm is reflected in the blood melatonin concentrations which are higher at night than during the day. In both man and lower mammals, their exposure to light at night is followed by a drop in pineal melatonin production and blood melatonin levels.

Likewise, exposure of non-human mammals to sinusoidal electric and/or magnetic fields as well as pulsed static magnetic fields often reduces pineal melatonin production.

Melatonin has many functions in the organism and any perturbation (not only electromagnetic fields) which causes levels of melatonin to be lower than normal may have significant physiological consequences.

Melatonin, because it is a potent antioxidant, may provide significant protection against cancer initiation as well as promotion.

  • Researchers from the University of Melbourne[28] reached the same conclusion: “The pineal gland is likely to sense EMFs as light but, as a consequence, may decrease the melatonin production. the results show the significance of disruption of melatonin due to exposure to weak EMFs, which may possibly lead to long-term health effects in humans.
  • In the publication “Influence of Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields on the Circadian System: Current Stage of Knowledge” researchers conclude that: “Despite divergences in the reported results, ELF-MF and radio frequency electromagnetic field have to be considered as factors possibly influencing the circadian system function, because a substantial number of studies demonstrated the changes in melatonin and cortisol secretion as well as in sleep after exposition to these fields.[29]”

The EMF interference / noise / brain-wave entrainment theory

The human brain evolved in the presence of natural electromagnetic fields which have shaped its electromagnetic activity. 

Delta, Alpha and Theta waves (0,5-12 Hz) are produced in our brains during sleep and relaxing conditions have similarity with natural Schumann waves produced on the earth.

The brain is now unable to identify this beneficial natural extremely low frequency radiation, being exposed to much stronger artificial electromagnetic signals at frequencies ranging from 50 Hz (mains) to billions Hz (eg cell towers), which seems to cause the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and contribute to the complete failure of relaxation.

Healthy brain waves morphed by natural electromagnetic fields?

Schumann a German physicist, discovered in 1952 that there is a resonant cavity between the earth's surface and the ionosphere containing a frequency modulated electromagnetic field in the spectrum from below 1 Hz to more than 100 Hz with the dominant frequencies below 14 Hz.

The highest amplitude peak is 7.8 Hz, frequency which is usually called "The Schumann resonance frequency”, but Schumann resonance is a spectrum of frequencies with the majority of its amplitude below 15 Hz, and with peaks also at around 1 and 2.5 Hz.

Lewis B. Hainsworth was the first researcher that recognized the relationship of brain wave frequencies to the Schumann’s Resonances [30].  

The main Schumannn frequencies are similar to the ones that occur in the brain during sleep or stress-free situations, as observed through electroencephalography or EEG graphs (performed by placing electrodes on the scalp and record the rate of repetition of brain waves, called frequency and measured in cycles per second or Hz = hertz).

Why Delta waves  (0,5-4Hz) are the most important

  • Delta waves are produced during deep sleep, when energy demand for supporting the body is at its lowest.

Heartbeat slows, breathing slows, brain activity is minimal, therefore Delta-rhythm sleep is the only time body can use the excess energy for the physiological and psychological recovery and maintenance activities.

Not enough Delta sleep (2 hours minimum, 3-4 hours optimum) and there is simply not enough pooled energy to perform sufficient restore & repair processes, which eventually leads to impaired immune function, premature aging and increased chance of diseases of all etiologies.

According to researcher Dr. Eve Van Cauter complete lack of Delta-rhythm for as little as 3 nights caused healthy college students' glucose profiles to look pre-diabetic and leptin levels to drop significantly causing hunger and higher caloric intake.

  • Theta waves (4-8Hz) predominate during REM (rapid eye movement) or light sleep.
  • Alpha waves (8-12Hz) predominate when you are relaxed, calm, before you awake in the early morning and in a meditative state.
  • Beta and Gamma waves (12-100Hz) are the "alert" frequencies.

Beta frequencies, 12 to 14 Hz, are “normal” predominant rhythms that occur during concentration.

Frequencies above 15 Hz occur especially when agitated or fearful, are required for human survival and have some physiological benefits, but excessive exposure to these higher brain frequencies can cumulatively cause stress related health effects including poor sleep and increased production of stress hormones like cortisol.

If you are stuck in a mid to high-Beta or Gamma brain state then you cannot sleep and you cannot heal or maintain hormonal homeostasis.

EMF can cause deleterious brain-wave entrainment

Entrainment occurs when our mind-body state locks into the rhythm of an external oscillator.

Humans and animals have evolved in natural electromagnetic fields which are required for proper psychological, neurological and physical performance.

We were meant to be relaxed with natural-magnetic-fields being the pacer, but increasingly we are not because these natural fields have been lost beneath the higher amplitude of man made high frequency fields.

As soon as a higher amplitude frequency is introduced, the biological organism will attempt to entrain (tune) itself to this ‘louder’ signal, phenomenon which is called FFR or the Brain’s Frequency Following Response.

Trying to keep the brain functioning in relaxed 0,5-12 Hz frequencies we are bombarded 24/7 by 50 – 60 Hz and higher harmonics from alternating current (AC) powerlines, fluorescent and energy saving lamps, adapters, TVs, computers and various electric devices plus million to billions of Hz from wireless high frequency electromagnetic fields from mobile phones and cell phone masts, wireless Internet (WI-FI), cordless phones and their bases (DECT), tv and radio broadcasting antennas, wireless alarm systems, fire detection and temperature control systems, radio networks for police, private security companies, transport companies, taxi Baby Monitors, cordless keyboards, Bluetooth, wireless games consoles, WIMAX networks, radars, satellites, the HAARP (= High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program), smart electricity meters etc.

Man made electromagnetic fields with their unnatural waveforms & frequencies are now so intense and pervasive that they drowns out the Schumann waves and Earth’s natural geomagnetic field in all but the most remote places.

How to protect yourself from the sleep inhibiting effects of EMFs

Remove – Shield – Cover – That’s it!

Consider what you do when there is a lot of noise in your bedroom:

1. You try to remove the cause of the noise. For example, you turn of the TV or tell the neighbor to shut it.

2. You try to shield your ears from the noise by using earbuds or your bedroom by using soundproof materials (if there is an outside source you cannot deal with).

3. You try to cover the sound by using “white noise” music.

Use the same ways to protect your sleep from electromagnetic radiation!

1.Remove all the EMF sources

  • To reduce your exposure low frequency electromagnetic radiation, remove all electrical appliances near your bed. Keep in mind that if an electrical device is plugged in (such as the bedside lamps) it will produce an electric field even when not turned on, so we suggest that you unplug them from the wall outlet during the hours of sleep (especially if the cable does not connect to the grounding system of the socket or there is no electrical ground in the socket).
  • To reduce your exposure to wireless radiation, remove from your bedroom or disable all wireless devices (eg cordless phones and modems). 
  • Be sure to unplug the smart TV or other smart devices before you sleep, since most of the smart devices conitune to emit RF radiation even on stand by mode. You can use a remote controled socket to do this without getting out of bed.
  • Be especially careful with Iphones and ipads. These continue to emit Bluetooth radiation even in Airplane mode, when the Bluetooth antenna has been disabled from the quick menu and not from the settings. Also don’t charge your phone near your bed!
  • View more ways of protection from artificial radiation here.

2. Shield the EMF sources that you cannot remove

  • Wireless electromagnetic fields that come from cell phone masts (installed in pretty much every neighbourhood), WiFi modems, DECT phones and smart devices from your om your neighbors etc can be shielded with innovative EMF shielding materials which reduce radiation by more than 90%.
  • For example you can shield the walls / ceiling facing the nearby cell phone tower using emf shielding paint. Shielding all the walls and ceilings with paint also protects you from the wireless emissions of your neighbors.

raditionshieldingpaint

radiationshieldingcurtains

  • A practical solution for the bedrooms are the shielded bed canopies, which do not allow radiation to penetrate from any direction except from the bottom of the bed (but you can also install shielding fabric below the bed or the mattress).
  • They are a lifetime investment, made by durable materials and you can transfer them if you move or want to use them in another home in your holidays etc.

radiationshieldigncanopies

3. Cover the artificial EMFs with natural magnetic fields

The EarthPulse Sleep on Command device is a Brain Wave Entrainment Tool which consists of a magnet that is placed under your mattress and emits an extremely low frequency healing magnetic field during your sleep, entraining your brain and covering the harmful man made EMF frequencies.

Brain entrainment was made popular by the binaural beats community with light and sound devices to stimulate the brain.

The goal of brain wave entrainment / binaural beats is to favorably affect the electrical activity in the brain via non-invasive external stimuli, thereby beneficially affecting the subject’s frame of mind, to enhanced learning, relaxation, etc.

Pulsed Electromagnetic Field therapy (PEMF) is a much stronger, effectine and more convenient method of brain wave entrainment, producing cellular effects on a systemic level that other brain-wave entrainment modalities cannot achieve.

Magnetic Field Supplementation Compensates for Loss of Schumann Resonance

Just as vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids from food are essential biochemical compounds required for healthy survival, so also do our mitochondria require “geomagnetic vitamins” supplied by the Earth’s geomagnetic and Ionospheric (Schumann) fields.

These essential “geomagnetic vitamins” are partially if not fully blocked out by man made EMF. Our neurological system is made up of miles of neuronal tissues.

They act like antennae picking up the entire spectrum of magnetic fields. We were designed to be specifically tuned to Schumann and Earth resonances and we have become slowly (unnoticeable) crippled in the presence of higher frequency electropollution.

EarthPulse™ PEMF devices produce a spectrum of these “geomagnetic vitamins” from very low-Delta to very low-Beta wave frequencies with special attention paid to the mitochondrial 10 Hz frequency requirements. Once the hockey puck sized electromagnet is placed between the mattress and box spring, you get an 8 hour ‘dose’ of your geomagnetic vitamins.

“One formerly sleep-deprived editor has now stopped counting sheep and is eternally grateful for the Z’s.” Alternative Medicine Magazine Sept, 2005“

Taking your magnetic supplementation for 8 hours every night, according to the inventor, you can expect:

  • deeper more restful sleep
  • better focus 
  • enhanced daytime energy
  • better aerobic capacity
  • vastly improved recovery
  • more flexibility
  • increase in muscular strength and stamina
  • enhanced mood
  • shortened reaction time
  • enhanced hand – eye – motor coordination
  • enhanced levels of saturated blood & tissue oxygen

Local use for pain management / injury rehabilitation / bone brakes / Tendon Tear etc

Use the magnet with the additional Dual-Polarity-Ring on when damaged tissue fits inside of the diameter of the ring, so that center core is ‘aimed’ directly into the injury.

“EarthPulse - The find of a century or two” Dr. David Williams, Magnetically Attractive Healing Systemic use for sleep and energy enhancement

EarthPulse™ PEMF devices and methods are adaptable to just about any situation. The 1000+ PEMF citations contained in this alphabetized-by-disorder PEMF Therapy Research database should be able to guide you to successful PEMF application.

9.6 Hz – The optimal frequency for recovery and anti aging

The inventor recommends 9.6 Hz, the frequency that resonates from the Earth's molten core perpendicular to the ground, as the primary use frequency for sleep, recovery and longevity.

Research during 5 decades (much of it in former Soviet Union) conclusively showed that a 10 Hz field produced the most exceptional healing and tissue regenerating effects in several dozen peer reviewed publications.

“After a few weeks I felt like I’d grown a 3rd lung.” Carl Lanore, Super Human Radio Host

In 2003 NASA discovered that a 10 Hz field for 8 hours per day for 17-21 days resulted in “significant down-regulation of 175 maturation and regulatory genes and up-regulation of 150 genes associated with growth and cellular proliferation.” 8 hours per day sounds a lot like EarthPulse™ PEMF at night!

In 2007 James Tong found 10 Hz tripled nerve synapse energy and doubled mitochondrial density at nerve synapses. 

In 1989 David Hood found 30+ days 10 hours per day 10 Hz stimulation increased two critical enzymes of cell respiration, citrate synthase and cytochrome c oxidase by factors of 3x.

How much does Earthpulse cost? Which Earthpulse device to choose?

  • You can see all the Earthpulse models here. 
  • The V6 Basic device (399$-499$) allows you to manually set the desired frequency (the pricier version has stronger magnetic field emission) and is adequate / full effective for most people. You can manually choose the recommended frequency 9.6 Hz, or Shumann at 7.83 Hz, Tesla 1 at 9.63 Hz, Tesla 2 at 3.69 Hz (a good sleep setting) or any other frequency you find suits you.
  • The V6 device (699$) has 14 patented program modes which cycle frequencies. With multiple frequencies, the body is able to utilize what is best for it automatically. Sleep modes in the V6 device help the user to fall asleep and get better sleep by helping the circadian rhythm function of the brain. The program modes are: SLEEPS MODES 1,2,3,4, EZ (best programs for insomnia - cycle through Delta, Theta, alpha frequencies) RECOVER MODE (alpha-rhythm centered - Excellent ‘power-nap’ and used by many as their primary sleep-mode for maximum recovery, repair, strength, stamina & anti-aging) MANUAL-MODE (particularly useful to set at one particular frequency when meditating, for Schumann 7.8 Hz, or– setting 9.6 Hz  for entire night) ALERT-MODE: (low beta, reduces physical and mental fatigue, may be used at desk to reduce neck and shoulder fatigue without causing drowsiness), ENTRAIN-UP (expose system to entire frequency range, Alpha to low-Delta, then back up to low-Beta) ENTRAIN-DOWN  (Alpha to low-Delta,  puts you to sleep then shuts down and lets you sleep on your own)
  • The V6 Pro devices (899-1999$), have all the program modes and contain additional magnets so that you can cover the whole body or use with your spouse or pet. Another case of having two magnets over one is that, one magnet can be used with for localized application to specific area like the knees for instance and the other magnet can be used for full body coverage. This allows local application and full body benefit at the same time.

“You have certainly come up with something that helps me sleep.” Dr. Robert O. Becker, MD the Father of Electromedicine

Where should I place the Earthpulse magnets?

  • Under mattress in between shoulder blades roughly in line with spine or against the vegus nerve / jugular vein (if sleeping on side) if sleep is primary issue.
  • Under the feet is an also great placement position, since feet have many reflexology points. In proximity to any pain or soreness issue you face.
  • Under your pillow to avert hang-over.
  • One magnet under mattress near hips and one magnet under mattress near chest or pillow or near any pain or soreness spot, if you have the system with the 2 magnets (V6 and V6 pro systems).
  • The magnet is connected to a controller (needed to turn on the device and select the desired frequencies / programs / duration). The controller is connected to the power supply (into a wall socket or an external battery if used outdoors).
  • It is effective also with thick mattresses up to 16 inches (40cm) thick and can be used with a steel bed or metallic frame.

Is Earthpulse worth the price?

Before you think that a once in a lifetime purchase of Earthpulse is pricey, consider the alternatives.

Consider the recurring costs, the ineffectiveness and the possible long terms health effects or tolerance developed from continuous use of sleeping pills, herbs, essential oils, homeopathics etc

Consider the wasted money, time and effort needed for visiting doctors or implementing relaxing exercises, hypnosis sessions, breathing techniques, yoga poses in your daily schedule with doubtful results.

EarthPulse PEMF is Better Than Any PEMF device

Only high-intensity clinical PEMF machines that cost thousands of dollars more can out-perform EarthPulse™ PEMF in the short-term, but they are not portable and can’t be used long-term to systemically entrain body’s mitochondria.

EarthPulse 90 days Guarantee

Costumers of EarthPulse™ PEMF device have 90 days to find out if it enhances their sleep and performance or they can return the product. The manufacturer claims a less than 5%  return rate since 2020.

“I highly recommend this product. It has solved my problem of waking several times per night.”  Dr. Steven Sinatra, Cardiologist-Editor Heart, Health & Nutrition

This webpage contains affiliate links to the Earthpulse website. EarthPulse Sleep on Command™ is not intended to be recommended as a drug or as a diagnosis for any illness or disease condition; nor as a product to eliminate disease or other medical conditions. The information herein has not been evaluated by U.S. Food and Drug Administration or by any governmental health agency.  

References

[1] http://www.gsdl.com/home/assessments/melatonin/appguide/

[2] Wright, CE, Erblich, J., Valdimarsdottir, HB, & Bovbjerg, DH (2007). Poor sleep the night before an experimental stressor predicts reduced NK cell mobilization and slowed recovery in healthy women. Brain, behavior, and immunity, 21 (3), 358-63

[3] Vgontzas, AN, Bixler, EO, Lin, H., Prolo, P., Mastorakos, G., Vela-Bueno, A., et al. (2001). Chronic Insomnia Is Associated with Nyctohemeral Activation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis: Clinical Implications. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 86 (8), 3787-3794.

[4] Walker, MP, Brakefield, T., Morgan, A., Hobson, JA, Stickgold, R. (2002). Practice with sleep makes perfect: sleep-dependent motor skill learning. Neuron, 35 (1), 205-11.

[5] Roman, V., et. al. (2006). Differential effects of chronic partial sleep deprivation and stress on serotonin-1A and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor sensitivity. Journal of Sleep Research, 15 (4), 386-394.

[6] Serotonin - Serotonin Neurotransmitter overview, Chemical imbalance and Treatment --Serotonin Level and Balance. http://www.anxiety-and-depression-solutions.com/ insight_answers / serotonin.php.

[7] Spiegel, K., Tasali, E., Penev, P., Cauter, EV (2004). Brief Communication: Sleep Curtailment in Healthy Young Men Is Associated with Decreased Leptin Levels, Elevated Ghrelin Levels, and Increased Hunger and Appetite. Ann Intern Med, 141 (11), 846-850.

[8] Sephton, S., Spiegel, D. (2003). Circadian disruption in cancer: a neuroendocrineimmune pathway from stress to disease? Brain, behavior, and immunity, 17 (5), 321-8.

[9] Ayas, NT, White, DP, Manson, JE, Stampfer, MJ, Speizer, FE, Malhotra, A., et al. (2003). A prospective study of sleep duration and coronary heart disease in women. Archives of internal medicine, 163 (2), 205-9

[10] Spiegel, K., Knutson, K., Leproult, R., Tasali, E., & Cauter, EV (2005). Sleep loss: a novel risk factor for insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. J Appl Physiol, 99 (5), 2008-2019

[11] Lack of sleep: Can it make you sick?, Eric J. Olson, M.D. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/expert-answers/lack-of-sleep/faq-20057757

[12] Graham C , Cook MR ., Human Sleep in 60 Hz magnetic Fields, Bioelectromagnetics. 1999; 20 (5): 277-83.

[13] Ekkehardt-Siegfried Altpeter, Markus Battaglia, Dominik Pfluger, Christoph E. Minder, Theodor Abelin, Effect of Short-Wave (6 ^ 22 MHz) Magnetic Fields on Sleep Quality and Melatonin Cycle in Humans: The Schwarzenburg Shut-Down Study , Bioelectromagnetics 27: 142 ^ 150 (2006)

[14] Mann K , Roschke J ., REM suppression induced by Digital Mobile Radio Telephones, Wien Med Wochenschr. 1996; 146 (13-14): 285-6.

[15] Huber R , T Graf , Cote KA , Wittmann L , Gallmann E , D Matter , Schuderer J , Kuster N , Borbély AA , Achermann P ., Exposure to Pulsed high-frequency Electromagnetic Field During, Agents Waking affects Human Sleep EEG, Neuroreport . 2000 Oct 20; 11 (15): 3321-5.

[16] Mann, K., et. al., 1996., Effects of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on human sleep. Neuropsychobiology 1996; 33: 41-7. [Xvii] Ching-Sui Hung, Clare Anderson, James A. Horne, Patrick McEvoy, Mobile phone 'talk-mode' signal delays EEG-determined sleep onset, Neuroscience Letters, Volume 421, Issue 1, 21 June 2007, 82-86 [Xviii] Santini R et al, (July 2002) Investigation on the health of people living near mobile telephone relay stations: I / Incidence according to distance and sex, Pathol Biol (Paris) 2002 Jul; 50 (6): 369-73

[17] Bortkiewicz A et al, (2004) Subjective symptoms reported by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review, Med Pr. 2004; 55 (4): 345-51

[18] Abdel-Rassoul G et al, (March 2007) Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations, Neurotoxicology. 2007 Mar; 28 (2): 434-40

[19] BLACK ON WHITE, VOICES AND Witnesses ABOUT ELECTRO-HYPERSENSITIVITY, THE SWEDISH EXPERIENCE, http://www.feb.se/feb/blackonwhite-complete-book.pdf [20] Hallberg O., Oberfeld G. (2006), Will we all become electrosensitive? Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 25: 189-191

[21] [XXIII] BBC, Mobiles linked to Disturbed Sleep, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7199659.stm http://www.feb.se/EMFguru/Research/emf-emr/EMR-Reduces-Melatonin.htm

[22] Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure, Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2017, Pages 177-184, Skeptical approaches concerning the effect of exposure to electromagnetic fields on brain hormones and enzyme activities, Aymen A.WarilleabGamzeAltuncAbdalla. A.ElaminacArife AhsenKaplancHamzaMohamedacKıymet KübraYurtcAbubaker ElElhajac

[23] William JM Hrushesky, David Blask, Paolo Lissoni, Melatonin, Chronobiology, and Cancer, The NCI Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine

[24] Environ Res,  2019 Apr;171:341-347.Epub 2018 Nov 1., Telecommunication devices use, screen time and sleep in adolescents, Alba Cabré-Riera 1, Maties Torrent 2, David Donaire-Gonzalez 3, Martine Vrijheid 1, Elisabeth Cardis 1, Mònica Guxens 4

[25] Environ Res, . 2020 Apr;183:109181.,  doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109181. Epub 2020 Jan 24.An experimental study on effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on sleep in healthy elderly males and females: Gender matters!Heidi Danker-Hopfe 1, Hans Dorn 2, Cornelia Sauter 2, Gernot Schmid 3, Torsten Eggert 2

[26] Indian J Physiol Pharmacol . Jan-Mar 2014;58(1):100-3. Mobile usage and sleep patterns among medical students Saxena Yogesh, Shrivastava Abha, Singh Priyanka PMID: 25464686

[27] Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Volume 47, Issue 10, 1993, Pages 439-444, Electromagnetic fields and melatonin production, R.J.Reiter

[28] Pineal Melatonin Levels Disruption on Human Due to Electromagnetic Fields and ICNIRP Limits, Radiation Protection Dosimetry 154(4):405-416, Malka N. Halgamuge University of Melbourne

[29]Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014: 169459. Influence of Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields on the Circadian System: Current Stage of Knowledge Bogdan Lewczuk, 1 ,* Grzegorz Redlarski, 2 , 3 Arkadiusz Żak, 2 Natalia Ziółkowska, 1 Barbara Przybylska-Gornowicz, 1 and Marek Krawczuk 2

[30] https://mankindresearchunlimited.weebly.com/schumann-resonances.html